Sustainable Livelihoods for Displaced and Vulnerable Communities in Eastern Sudan Project



1. Introduction:

The Sustainable Livelihoods for Displaced and Vulnerable Communities in Eastern Sudan (SLDP) Project ; is part of the larger package of the Transitional Solution Initiative (TSI) programme initiated in 2013 based on Kuwait Conference for Eastern Sudan held in December 2010. It informed the formulation of a Transitional Solutions Initiative (TSI), jointly endorsed by UNDP, UNHCR, and the Bank. The SLDP which is the TSI component dealing with IDPs came under the responsibility of the World Bank implemented in collaboration with the Kassala state government. The SLDP seeks to address the protracted situation of displaced persons and their host communities in Kassala state and to draw lessons on new approaches to managing IDPs that can be applied elsewhere in the country. The first pilot phase was implemented during 2014-16 with total fund of 3.08 million US$. The project was implemented in a context characterized by high vulnerability to environmental degradation and natural disasters, constant food insecurity, high poverty rates, weak institutional capacities, particularly at locality levels, poor human resources and skill levels and extremely low human development indicators.

3. Project Components:

The project consists of four components;

1. Component 1: Development of Local Government Structures and Capacities

2. Component 2: Research and Design of Pilot

3. Component 3: Implementation and Evaluation of Pilot

4. Component 4: Evaluation and Recommendations for Expansion and Replication

4. Project Management:

The project is implemented by a State Project Unit (SPU) located in Kassala town, with oversight and management from a Khartoum-based Project Coordination Unit (PCU). At the state level the State Support Unit is supervised by and managed by the Project Manager (PM) in collaboration with the Project Steering Committee (PSC). The PM is supported by four technical staff members and government seconded assistants (all Sudanese nationals). Implementation of activities is performed in a highly participatory manner, involving government technical staff and community members.

SLDP phase one ended on March 2016 with following major findings as stated in the final project evaluation:

1-.As the recommendation of the final evaluation, SLDP II was approved by the World Bank for additional three years project with total financing of US$ 4.4 million , to be implemented during the period of December, 2016 to July, 2019.

2− As a pilot SLDP implemented all planned activities, achieved most of the intended results despite the delayed start, and provided good lessons for improvement.

3− The state authorities at both political and technical levels, the target communities, local leaders and some development actors expressed satisfaction with the project performance and achievement and view the resources invested as a serious attempt and adequate to pull communities out of poverty.

4− The joint implementation with state institutions and operating through seconded government staff is expected to contribute to public sector improvement . The project transparent procurement system provided a model for the public sector.

SLDP II - Development Objectives (PDO)

The Project Development Objective (PDO) is to strengthen the capacity of local stakeholders, including state authorities, displaced persons and vulnerable host communities, to plan and implement improved livelihood and natural resource management practices.

1. To develop an alternative, participatory and consultative model for managing the protracted IDPs situation based on sound research and enhanced government capacities and stakeholders to plan and deliver basic services and develop sustainable livelihoods opportunities

2. To test alternative mechanisms for delivering public services at community–level. Through a ‘learning by doing’ exercise, and build the knowledge and capacities of local government to deliver public services in an equitable, consultative and responsive manner.

3. To transforming relationship between IDPs and host communities with local authorities from its top-down character based on demand and supply to one of engagement in decision-making about their own development and to become drivers of their development, rather than aid recipients of aid

4. To strengthen local government’s capacity to respond to and engage with local communities and IDPs.

5. To build the capacities of local NGOs and CSOs to deliver services

SLDP II - Project Components:

1. The project will achieve the PDO through the following four components:

(a) Component 1: Development of Local Structures and Capacities (Including Project Management)

(b) Component 2: Analytics and Technical Assistance

(c) Component 3: Community Small Works

(d) Component 4: Livelihoods Support and Benefit Trans-Passing.