SLDP Phase I


                                           Photo by : Hazim photography

The findings of the Bank’s “Assessment of Development Needs of Refugees and Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in Eastern Sudan”were presented at “The International Donors and Investors Conference for Eastern Sudan” in Kuwait, December 2010. It informed the formulation of a Transitional Solutions Initiative (TSI), jointly endorsed by UNDP, UNHCR, and the Bank. The Bank developed an overall results framework for the TSI, which guided the preparation of two joint pilot operations involving respectively UNDP and UNCHR “Transitional Solutions Initiative for Refugees and their Host Communities, Eastern Sudan - Phase I”; and the World Bank and UNHCR “Sustainable Livelihoods for Displaced and Vulnerable Communities in Eastern Sudan”.

As such, an initial grant of $3.08 million from the World Bank State and Peacebuilding Fund (SPF) was approved to implement a pilot for the Sustainable Livelihoods for Displaced and Vulnerable Communities in Eastern Sudan Project (SLDP) from October 2013 to March 2016. The project targeted 6 IDP and host communities within Kassala State of Eastern Sudan and was implemented by the East Sudan Transitional Solutions Initiative Coordination Agency (ESTSI-CA) on behalf of the Kassala State Ministry of Finance, Economy, and Labor (KMFEL).

Phase one of SLDP piloted a CDD approach of organizing and assisting communities to plan and deliver livelihood opportunities through intensive community mobilization, facilitated entrepreneurial and vocational training, and delivering in-kind grants to beneficiaries. Communities were oriented towards the project objectives and organized into clusters represented by existing village committees and community facilitators communally elected to function as liaisons for the project. Within the 6 communities, 900 households were targeted for grants delivery, 25% of which were vulnerable women headed households. Communities selected the 900 households to receive project inputs from a selected menu of feasible livelihood activities in the target areas as identified by in-depth studies conducted by SLDP. These households received intensive technical support to identify their priorities and vet their business proposals, as well as entrepreneurial and vocational training by experts to enhance the productivity of their economic activities.

Apart from the household grants program, the project also sought to benefit the target communities at large in two discrete ways: 1) a joint initiatives program and 2) a small works program. The joint initiatives program was implemented with funds garnered from commitments received from the Federal Government for cash allocations to the project. The project allocated complementary resources to implement activities targeted at supporting youth initiatives, which was an explicit request from the communities and not adequately covered by the Pilot. The small works program refers to community works with direct benefits and costs that go beyond the ceiling determined for the targeted households (or group of households) but that are essential to the feasibility of selected activities or benefit the livelihood opportunities of the communities at large. For example, upgrading of water supply or increasing access to water are common small works proposals put forth that address general well-being and substantially decreases input costs for many livelihood activities in the area.

Finally, to address the issue of sustainability, the pilot project, employing the CDD approach, oriented communities towards revolving the benefit received from the project to other community members. Coined the “benefit trans-passing system,” each community devised their own solutions to adopt inclusive approaches to passing the benefit received to other beneficiaries to pursue livelihood opportunities of their own. The following table demonstrates the status of trans-passing as of October 2014 in each target community:

 

Amara

Tagoug

Kray

Dareer

 

Baryay

Hadalia

El Gnaid

Collected to date (SDG)

65,000

28,000

25,000

40,000

5000

25000

Number of households

637

575

600

500

967

375

Main livelihood activity (simplified)

Mixed

Mixed

Livestock

Livestock + some agricult.

Livestock + some agricult.

Mixed

Nr. Community Facilitators

3

3

1

3

4

3

The results of the pilot project have been overall positive. While a final evaluation has not yet been performed on the pilot, at midterm it was estimated that households benefitted, on average, by over 60% as a result of project interventions (taking into account modest baseline income in these rural areas). Anecdotal evidence from Bank support missions have also given indication that livelihood grants have created substantial gains, however further support is needed before the communities can operate autonomously in sustaining the practices developed in Phase 1.

With regards to the small works program, communities have developed plans to implement the following essential works in their communities:

 Amara: Water supply system for community vegetable farm

  • Tagoug: Upgrading water station
  •  Kray Dareer: Community water supply system
  • Baryay: Water supply system for fodder production
  • Haddalia: Rehabilitation water source and water line
  • El Gnaid: Community-Youth dairy farm

With consideration to the progress made in the pilot phase and the need in other communities acutely impacted by displacement and limited livelihood opportunities, the project is recommended for further expansion within Kassala state to the other IDP settlements and host communities, while continuing to advance innovative methods for durable solutions within the state.

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