Sustaining livelihoods through Environmental Conservation
The World Bank identified protracted displacement as one of the most complex challenges facing Sudan : as one of the HOA countries); WB emphasis the following recommendation : (i) enhancing social cohesion between displaced and host communities and increasing their self-reliance by building on their human, social, and financial skills and capital; (ii) improving the quality of social and economic ties between displaced and host communities; (iii) strengthening resilience of host communities while preparing the displaced for durable solutions; and (iv) equipping IDPs to secure livelihoods, resources, and assets so as to have a better chance of returning and also contributing to host economies.
The project is closely linked to the Government’s objective pertaining to the issue of displacement as set forth in its upcoming I-PRSP. Displacement is amongst the government’s four key development priorities alongside growth and employment, governance and human resources. The fourth pillar of the I-PRSP, namely Promotion of Economic Growth and Employment Creation, places emphases on protection of natural resources and the environment as a prerequisite to achieving this outcome. This priority is mirrored by the World Bank engagement strategy for Sudan. The ISN for FY13-15 is based on two pillars: (a) managing the economic transition to a new Sudan and; (b) addressing the socio-economic roots of conflict. Two main themes of the second pillar are natural resource management and supporting reintegration through area-based development approaches targeting livelihood promotion and employment creation for displaced populations and host communities. It should be noted that the Sudan strategy for the World Bank is in the process of being updated through a Country Diagnostic Survey planned in 2016.