SLDP Phase II
Photo by : Hazim photography
SLDPII is implemented by a State Project Unit [SPU] based in Kassala, referred to as the East Sudan Transitional Solutions Initiative Coordinating Agency [ESTSI-CA], with oversight and management from a Project Coordination Unit [PCU] in Khartoum. Both units execute World Bank contributions to the project under Bank fiduciary guidelines and supervision.
The project is aligned with and complementary to the Bank’s vision in finding alternative approaches to address the issue of displacement to support fragile and conflict-affected states. The Project activities are also closely linked to the objectives of the Global Program on Forced Displacement (GPFD) which aims at improving the way it deals with the development challenges of forced displacement as an issue fully integrated in its work on post-conflict recovery and peace-building. This approach is part of the Bank’s conflict and fragility agenda and is central to operationalize the 2011 World Development Report on Conflict, Security and Development (WDR-2011). Which emphasizes action on internal and external stresses that burden countries with low response capability.
Reducing vulnerability and building resilience are two major themes of the current World Bank Strategy for Africa. African countries and their people are subject to a large number of shocks with an immediate impact on lowering living standards. Owing to the limited possibilities to insure against macroeconomic and idiosyncratic shocks, as well as natural disasters, conflict, and political violence, poor Africans adopt risk-averse behaviors, which keep them in poverty.The World Bank Strategy for Africa postulates that preventing or mitigating the effects of these shocks – building resilience – has to be tailored to the nature of the shock.
The project is also closely linked to the Government’s objective pertaining to the issue of displacement as set forth in its upcoming I-PRSP. Displacement is amongst the government’s four key development priorities alongside growth and employment, governance and human resources. The fourth pillar of the I-PRSP, namely Promotion of Economic Growth and Employment Creation, places emphases on protection of natural resources and the environment as a prerequisite to achieving this outcome.This priority is mirrored by the World Bank engagement strategy for Sudan. The ISN for FY13-15 is based on two pillars: (a) managing the economic transition to a new Sudan and; (b) addressing the socio-economic roots of conflict. Two main themes of the second pillar are natural resource management and supporting reintegration through area-based development approaches targeting livelihood promotion and employment creation for displaced populations and host communities. It should be noted that the Sudan strategy for the World Bank is in the process of being updated through a Country Diagnostic Survey planned in 2016.
The Africa Climate Business Plan recognizes that development and climate agendas are inextricably linked. Indeed, the latter often bleeds across all sectors with high impact on the degree of long-term success that can be achieved by the former. As such, the Africa Climate Business Plan puts climate adaptation at the forefront of the development agenda in Africa. These sentiments are globally recognized, as evidenced by the 2015 COP21 United Nations Climate Change Agreement in Paris and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
With these objectives in mind, the State and Peace building Fund (SPF) has proven to be a critical tool with the proper characteristics and priorities to support Sudan, a country in great need of international support as it faces numerous domestic and external challenges. In turn, SLDP2 reflects SPF fund, regional, and country-level results. The project focus on building capacities of local authorities, civil societies, and communities to collectively plan and deliver services resonates firmly with state-building objectives of SPF. The objectives of increasing resilience to resource shocks, increasing social cohesion, and recovery for conflict-affected populations are also common priorities. Finally, SLDP2 seeks to build on partnerships to provide catalytic support to transitional solutions in Kassala. To the extent possible, SLDP will seek to partner and coordinate efforts with other projects in the state, including the WB-financed Sudan Sustainable Natural Resource Management Project (SSNRM) and Social Safety Nets Project (SSN).
The project consists of four components:
- Component I: Development of Local Structures and Capacities [Including Project Management]
- Component II: Analytics and Technical Assistance
- Component III: Community Small Works Support
- Component IV: Economic Livelihoods and Benefit Trans-passing